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FBI Wants to Wiretap One of Every 100 Phones in Urban Areas
FBI Wants to Wiretap One of Every 100 Phones in
By MATT YANCEY
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - The FBI wants the capability to simultaneously tap one
every 100 phone and data transmission lines in major urban centers, but a
Justice Department official said there are no plans to expand the existing
As part of its effort to deal with a new breed of computer-savvy criminals
at using new telecommunications technologies, the FBI said it wants phone
companies to initially set aside 0.5 percent, or one of every 200 lines,
enforcement use in high-crime urban areas. But it added it also wants the
to rapidly expand that capability to one of every 100 lines if the need
disclosure was made in a little-noticed announcement in the Federal
Despite the notice, Deputy Attorney General Jamie Gorelick said today,
no intention to expand the number of wiretaps or the extent of wiretapping
.. . I
don't think the American people should be worried about that."
Last year, federal and state courts authorized 1,154 wiretaps, of which 48
were sought by federal agents. Increases in recent years have mostly come
drug trafficking cases. Gorelick acknowledged: "As we've gotten more
in the drug war, as organized gang activity has been an increased focus
we've seen a slight increase."
The FBI proposal, unveiled on three pages of the thick daily compendium of
federal regulations and other government activities for Oct. 16, had been
anticipated since the passage last year of the Communications Assistance
"The entire purpose of the digital telephony legislation was to leave law
enforcement in the same position it is now with respect to wiretaps: That
ensure that emerging digital technology would not defeat current lawful
wiretaps," Gorelick said, noting that court approval would still be
any wiretap. "There appears to be some misunderstanding or
as to the implications of what is contained in that notice."
But experts familiar with the law did not expect the FBI's reach into the
new fiber optic cables, digital switches and high-speed modems for
business transactions as well as voices to be so sweeping.
"The level of capacity that the FBI is proposing here would come as a
many who supported the legislation," said James X. Dempsey, deputy
the Center for National Security Studies, a group that monitors government
While the federal notice does not specify which cities would be targeted,
said New York is likely to be one of them. Assuming there are 2 million
phone and data transmission lines there, that means the FBI wants the
tap 20,000 of them simultaneously, he said.
"People are starting to say that seems awfully high," Dempsey said, noting
the overall level of such surveillance activity is now a total of 20,000
intercepts nationwide over an entire year.
The FBI said in its official notice that its capability needs were based
historical baseline of electronic surveillance activity" after surveying
state and local courts, prosecutors and police agencies.
It did not offer a further explanation, but during hearings over the past
years leading to passage of the 1994 law, FBI and other officials cited
growing incidence of computer-based crimes.
The law was intended to remove what law enforcement officials have
a major impediment - the growing obsolescence of the copper phone wire -
probing drug trafficking, organized crime, terrorism, kidnaping and
new types of white-collar crime.
"Without this bill ... we would have been completely prevented in a very
time from carrying out any court-approved wiretapping," FBI Director Louis
Freeh said at the time.
While law enforcement officers will still have to get court approval for
wiretaps they install, the technological measures authorized by the law
remove the objections of some judges.
Copper telephone lines were relatively easy to tap because they carried
conversation. But digital switches and fiber optics now in growing use
hundreds of conversations or data transmissions at the same time, making
difficult to isolate a single phone line.
The law authorized $500 million for the government to pay the phone
their cost in installing the necessary technology, but none of the money
And with increased criticism focused on the FBI for its role in the 1993
Davidian siege in Waco, Texas, and the 1992 deadly standoff against white
separatist Randy Weaver in Ruby Ridge, Idaho, there is no assurance
will be forthcoming with the money.
Legislation sent by President Clinton to Congress seeking greater wiretap
authority in the wake of the April bombing of the federal building in
City is languishing in congressional committees and is given little
being passed this year.