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Re: Breaking DES anyone? (was: Breaking RC4-40 for less)
> Nice idea and one which works for pure RC4, but unfortunately not for
> 128 bit, 88 bit known + 40 bit unknown "export" SSL.
> Netscape's SSL uses "40 bit keys" that are composed in a strange way:
> you are given 88 bits of known key, and this is combined with the 40
> bit key, to give a 128 bit key. That key is used to do the
> encryption. The problem is that this has a unix password salt like
> effect, only this time there are 88 bits of salt rather than 12 bits.
> So this means that you can't precompute anything on the 40 bits as the
> 88 bits are randomly generated, and likely vary with each session.
Then here's my next alternative attack.
By a 100x100 Transputer (about \$120,000 to make one) and program it to
crack the SSL running 10,000 parallel computations. If it takes 2 years
for the whole keyspace for each computer, it takes 1.75 hours to span
the whole key space. Taking a 3 year write-off time and spending
$30,000 per year for maintenance, this comes to $70,000 per year, or
$14.08 per cracked key. If I do 1,000 keys in parallel, that reduces
the cost to 1.4 cents per key.
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