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To Repeat: Credentials Not Considered Necessary
At 1:03 AM 11/5/95, Simon Spero wrote:
>On Sat, 4 Nov 1995, Timothy C. May wrote:
>> Therefore, there are few ways that citizenship can be "checked." Period. A
>> foreigner who wishes to "prove" his non-U.S. status could, of course, show
>> his green card. But this is different from proving citizenship.
>And here we have the rub. People with permanent residency (i.e. green
>cards) are fully entitled to access to strong crypto. Most foreign
>students are on J-1 visas, which do not grant permanent residency.
J-1 persons are still accorded the basic rights of citizens, save for a few
things like voting, holding certain offices, and perhaps jury duty (not
sure about this, as my recent jury summons was apparently based on my
Calif. Driver's License and required no form of identification whatsoever).
My basic point was that "J-1," "permanent resident," "citizen,"
"undocumented," and "completely and totally without proper papers" are, for
the purposes being discussed here, all essentially identical. Any sysadmin
who expects to have papers proving "citizenship" or any other status will
have a tough time.
Saying "People with permanent residency (i.e. green cards) are fully
entitled to access to strong crypto." and--presumably--implying that J-1
visa holders are _not_ entitled to use strong crypto within the U.S. (or,
for that matter, in their own countries, but this is another issue), is
The laws about "showing a foreign national" certain items do not
differentiate, so far as I have seen, between various kinds of visas.
In any case, sysadmins generally do not ask for any kind of ID or proof of
citizenship, morality, residency, etc.
(On my many computer accounts over the years, as but one example, _never_
have I have been asked for credentials of any kind. Never. Not even a
driver's license, let alone a passport or birth certificate or whatever. My
current Internet Service Providers, netcom.com and got.net, are blithely
uncaring about the fact that I am technically a citizen of Ruritania, and
am not in the U.S. legally.)
Views here are not the views of my Internet Service Provider or Government.
Timothy C. May | Crypto Anarchy: encryption, digital money,
[email protected] 408-728-0152 | anonymous networks, digital pseudonyms, zero
Corralitos, CA | knowledge, reputations, information markets,
Higher Power: 2^756839 | black markets, collapse of governments.
"National borders are just speed bumps on the information superhighway."