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Re: Insider Trading - What constitutes "Disclosure" ?
>Posted-Date: Thu, 26 Sep 1996 00:40:14 -0400
>Date: Thu, 26 Sep 1996 00:40:14 -0400 (EDT)
>From: Black Unicorn <[email protected]>
>X-Sender: [email protected]
>To: Steve Schear <[email protected]>
>Subject: Re: Insider Trading - What constitutes "Disclosure" ?
>On Wed, 25 Sep 1996, Steve Schear wrote:
>> >Often the choice faced by the investor who has material non-public
>> >information is characterized as "disclose or abstain," meaning that the
>> >investor may either trade after disclosing or abstain from trading on the
>> >A few people have asked me what constitutes disclosure.
>> >I've not researched the latest cases, but the generally accepted "best
>> >description" can be found in SEC v. Texas Gulf Sulpher Co., 401 F.2d 833
>> >(2d Cir.1968), cert. denied.
>> > The reading of a news release, which promoted Coates into
>> >action, is merely the first step in the process of dissemination required
>> >for compliance with the regulatory objective of providing all investors
>> >with an equal opportuinity to make informed investment judgements.
>> >Assuming that the contents of the official release could have been
>> >instantaneously be acted upon, at the minimum Coates should have waited
>> >until the news could reasonably have been expcted to appear over the media
>> >of widest circulation, the Dow Jones broad tape, rather than hastening to
>> >insure an advantage to himself and his broker son-in-law.
>> It would seem to me that if I operated an open listserver, upon which
>> financial information regularly appeared and which any trader (serious or
>> otherwise) might subscribe, my information should be held in the same legal
>> regard as DJ.
>I disagree. If the information appears only on your listserver it will
>not, in my view, be considered released. You'll note above that the
>reading of a news release, which eventually propogated to Canada and New
>York, still was not enough to limit liability for Coates. I hardly think
>a small circulation electronic mailing list will be considered sufficent
>> If not, the SEC has in effect created a monopoly for
>> Dow-Jones and its ilk and effectively impede or excluded other news sources
>> (e.g., Internet feeds) as legit means for generating market awareness, and
>> therefore revenue.
>> I and many others occassionally trade on public
>> information from narrower sources than DJ (e.g., market newsletters).
>But you and others are (I hope) not insiders or direct tipees.
>You also note that you trade on "public information." So long as you keep
>it that way you should be alright.
>You will be putting yourself in a interesting position if material
>non-public information ever shows up on your newsletter and is later the
>subject of investigation.
>> Sometimes DJ and others pick up info from these sources and sometimes they
>> don't (or not immediately). Does that mean those trading on this data
>> published not yet picked up by DJ may be trading illegally? If so, this is
>> totally unjust and wrongheaded.
>The case mans what it says. Until the information reaches the sources of
>largest distribution it is still "non-public." What is a source of
>largest distrubution? Ask a judge. I would simply be careful and
>prudent. You could easily be in trouble for trading on information which
>you "knew or should have known was material, non-public information."
>There is, of course, a distinction between the trader who reads an article
>and trades on it and a trader who hears over a mailing list from a
>corporate insider that a major fraud in the company has been discovered.
>If your newsletter carries hints of the big merger before it happens and a
>trader later points to it as the source of his tip, you could be in
>serious trouble. God forbid they get it in your head that you are
>distributing inside information. Of course you can imagine the headlines.
>"Internet crime network foiled. Hundreds of subscribers capitalize on
>As for unjust and wrongheaded, welcome to the American concept of
>> -- Steve
>I hate lightning - finger for public key - Vote Monarchist