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*To*: [email protected] (Cypherpunks Distributed Remailer)*Subject*: Orthogonal*From*: Jim Choate <[email protected]>*Date*: Sun, 26 Oct 1997 10:16:03 -0600 (CST)*Sender*: [email protected]

Hi, I believe the first definition for orthogonal is not the vector or Cartesian definition but rather from geometry. Where, for example, polygonal means a closed shape made up from many line segments, orthogonal means a closed shape made from line segments at right angles to each other. The simplest being the square. DeCarte used the concept of ortho- to describe the relationship between the axis of his measurement system, hence orthogonal. Strictly speaking orthogonal is a misnomer and should be orthometric or 'measurements at right angles'. I am interested in how orthogonal obtained its variety of other meanings. I run across it in linguistics, computer science, philosophy, etc. In most of them it means some sort of pure or simple relationship. Unfortunately I can't find any sort of description of how it got expanded this way. ____________________________________________________________________ | | | The financial policy of the welfare state requires that there | | be no way for the owners of wealth to protect themselves. | | | | -Alan Greenspan- | | | | _____ The Armadillo Group | | ,::////;::-. Austin, Tx. USA | | /:'///// ``::>/|/ http://www.ssz.com/ | | .', |||| `/( e\ | | -====~~mm-'`-```-mm --'- Jim Choate | | [email protected] | | 512-451-7087 | |____________________________________________________________________|

**Follow-Ups**:**Re: Orthogonal***From:*Kent Crispin <[email protected]>

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