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Supercomputer export ease
WSJ, Oct 6, 1995.
U.S. Export Rules to Ease On Some Supercomputers
Washington -- President Clinton is expected to announce
today that he is easing export restrictions on certain U.S.
supercomputers, a move sought by the computer industry.
Administration officials say that given continuing
technological advances and world-wide availability of many
high-speed computers, the current restrictions are
unrealistic and damaging to American companies. Critics
contend, however, that easing the restrictions will
exacerbate weapons proliferation.
Mr. Clinton approved raising the speed of computers that
may be exported to most countries to 2,000 million
theoretical operations a second, or MTOPS, from 1,500
MTOPS, according to officials. For certain nations,
including China, Egypt, Israel, India, Pakistan, Syria and
Russia, civilian customers would be able to buy computers
with speeds up to 7,000 MTOPS without prior government
approval. Military customers in those countries could
purchase computers with speeds of 2,000 to 7,000 MTOPS but
only with an individual export license.
Certain nations, such as Iran, Iraq, North Korea and Libya,
would still be banned from buying high-speed computers.