[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

RE: Hash collisions [was Re: MD5 weaknes

I have unsubscribed from this mailing list. Please remove my name from   
your personal address lists. Thanks.


From:  Matt Blaze[SMTP:[email protected]]
Sent:  Tuesday, October 24, 1995 3:02 PM
To:  hallam
Cc:  cypherpunks
Subject:  Hash collisions [was Re: MD5 weakness ? ...]

>>As to weaknesses, I seem to remember that someone managed to forge a
>>modification to a program used to observe networks on a Sun so that it
>>had the same MD5 checksum as the official trusted version.  But whether
>>this is real is not strictly the issue.
>Ron has not mentioned such an event to me and if that were the case I   
>seriously doubt that he would not have been told about it. The only   

>generally makes is that he wrote MD5 because "MD4 was making me   
>>In the case of the trust being placed in MD5 by Netscape, the   
>>being made (without adequate support as far as I can tell) is that an
>>MD5 checksum cannot be forced, through a chosen plaintext attack, to
>Netscape do not simply use the MD5 of the message, they are using (as I
>understand it) the PKCS#1 standard for makoing the signature. If not   
>probably have severe problems.
>>There has been no limit given by anyone on this list to the level of
>>trust they place in MD5.  Several people have posted (without
>>contention) that MD5 is sufficiently trustworthy to trust billions of
>>dollars in commerce to it's being able to prevent a selected plaintext
>>attack as eluded to above.
>NIST and the NSA trusted MD4 sufficiently to base SHA upon it. SHA is
>in many ways to MD5, it has a different approach to extending the   
>resist differential cryptanalysis. There is a problem with the   
>function of MD5 which I dislike. This is fairly irrelevant though since   
>allows other digests to be used.
> Phill

I hesitate to jump in to this exchange given the defensive and
vague nature of the discussion, but...

While I agree that SHA seems preferable, for a number of reasons,
to MD5, it is worth noting that Hans Dobbertin of the German Information
Security Agency recently found a collision in MD4. His attack
allows you to generate a pair of plainexts that generate the same hash.
A fast technique for finding a second plaintext that hashes to some given
value remains an open problem with MD4 (and SHA and MD5, for that   

As far as I can tell the attack does not readily generalize to MD5
or SHA.